The Cafe Nero in Castle Street, Liverpool used to be the home of the Adelphi Bank. Founded in 1862 and named after the Greek word for brothers or siblings. They have retained the banks original doors, built in 1892, and illustrate 4 stories of brotherly love.
David and Jonathan
|David and Jonathan’s Friendship – Samuel 1 18|
|“After David had finished talking with Saul, Jonathan became one in spirit with David, and he loved him as himself. From that day Saul kept David with him and did not let him return home to his family. And Jonathan made a covenant with David because he loved him as himself. Jonathan took off the robe he was wearing and gave it to David, along with his tunic, and even his sword, his bow and his belt.”|
- David, son of Jesse, first comes to notice when he slays Goliath the Philistine, whilst fighting for King Saul (Samuel 1 17). As a result of this, King Saul tells David to come and live in his house, and was made a leader in his army. King Saul was the first king of Israel and Judah in late 11th century BC.
- Jonathan, eldest son of King Saul.
- Upon David’s arrival at King Saul’s house, he and Jonathan took an immediate liking to each other.
- Jonathan eventually recognises that David and not himself should be king. Jonathan gives David his military clothes to demonstrate David as the successor to Saul.
- Samuel, King Saul’s prophet, tells Saul that God has rejected him as King.
- Saul recognises David as a threat to his throne and conspires against him. He makes several attempts to kill him.
- Jonathan tells David of King Saul’s intent to kill him. David escapes from the house into the countryside.
- King Saul again goes to war with the Philistines but it is prophesied that he will lose the kingdom and that God will no longer hear his prayers. This results in him falling upon his own sword.
- Three of King Saul’s sons, including Jonathan, are killed in the fighting.
- Upon hearing of Saul and Jonathan’s death David chants a lament. (See Related Info for links to this lament.)
- David becomes king and reigns for about 40 years.
Castor and Pollux
Mythology, whether Greek or Roman, can be tortuous, there are many variations on this story, depending on which expert or professional you consult. However, as I am neither, I’m going to go with the one that seems to be the generally held consensus. The narrative given tends to be more morally, rather than, factually based.
- Castor and Pollux are the twin sons of Leda, an Aetolian princess. Aetolia is a region in Greece.
- Castor’s father was Leda’s husband, the mortal King Tyndareus.
- Pollux’s father was the Greek sky and thunder god Zeus, who changed himself into a swan in order to lie with Leda.
- Castor and Pollux were conceived at the same time. However in addition to these two it is said that another child was born, Helen (of Troy.)
- The Greek myth has them as gods giving aid to shipwrecked sailors and the bringer of favourable winds to those who made sacrifices to them. The Roman version has them patrons of horses.
- Stories vary in that they are either both mortal, both immortal or (the one I’m going with) that Castor is mortal and Pollux is immortal.
- Castor and Pollux principally did everything together and were inseparable. For Example: They rescued their sister, Helen, from King Theseus and accompanied Jason and the Argonauts in their search for the Golden Fleece.
- The twins fell in love with their cousins Phoebe and Hilaria who were promised to two other cousins, Idas and Lynceus.
- They kidnapped them and took them to Sparta but were pursued by Idas and Lynceus.
- In the battle that followed, Idas and Lynceus were killed, but Castor was mortally wounded.
- Pollux distraught at this pleaded with Zeus to let him share his immortality with Castor.
- This Zeus did by placing them in the heavens were they can be seen to this day. In the constellation of Gemini.
Achilles and Patroclus
Like Castor and Pollux there are numerous takes on the story of Achilles and Patroclus.
- Achilles, one of the main characters in Homer’s Iliad was a Greek hero in the Trojan Wars. He was killed by Paris of Troy, who shot him in the heel, hence the expression.
- Patroclus, son of Argonaut Menoetius and protector of Achilles. He is also mentioned in Homer’s Iliad.
- Patroclus, as a child lost his temper whilst playing a game with another child and killed him.
- As a consequence of this Menoetius took Patroclus to stay with King Peleus, Achilles father, in Phthia, (southern Thessaly, Greece.)
- Patroclus was appointed as a protector to Achilles and the bond of friendship grew.
- During the fighting between the Greeks and Trojans Achilles was dishonoured by Agamemnon and, as a result of this anger, refused to take part in any more battles.
- Patroclus persuaded Achilles to give him his armour so he could impersonate Achilles on the battlefield.
- Although Achilles instructed Patroclus to return after the battle, Patroclus disregarded the order and pursued the Trojans to the gates of Troy.
- Hector, a Trojan Prince, rode out to battle with the person he thinks is Achilles and kills him.
- Upon hearing of the death of Patroclus, Achilles, grief stricken, rides out, kills Hector and retrieves Patroclus’s body.
- Achilles then sets alight Patroclus’s funeral pyre with the bodies of Trojan soldiers.
Roland and Oliver
For our final panel we have
- Roland, nephew of Emperor Charlemagne and Frankish army officer. (The Franks were of Germanic origin who lived along the lower two thirds of the River Rhine.
- Oliver, grandson of Count Gerard, and knight in Charlemagne’s army. He is Roland’s devoted friend and confidant. He is tasked by Charlemagne to watch over the impulsive Roland.
- Although it is believed that Roland is based on a real person, there is some doubt as to the validity of Oliver’s existence. Most of this story is based on a piece entitled “The Song Of Roland.”
- Oliver’s uncle, Girart, is at war with Charlemagne for seven years. It is agreed that a duel will decide the outcome of the war.
- The duel between Roland and Oliver does not resolve the matter. However the combatants admire each others abilities and become firm friends.
- At the battle of Roncevaux Pass, Charlemagne is ambushed. As he retreats he leaves a rearguard action including Roland and Oliver.
- Roland and Oliver are killed by the army of Saracen king Marsile. Though there does not appear to be any historical evidence of his existence either.
- David’s Lament for Saul and Jonathan.
- Castor and Pollux in Greek Mythology.
- Friendship and Two Epics-Achilles and Patroclus.
- The Song of Roland.
- Homer’s Iliad.
Please feel free to comment, make suggestions and leave any questions you may have.